The Neue Wache[a] was originally a guardhouse for the troops of the Crown Prince of Prussia when it was built in 1816. In 1931 it was repurposed as a memorial to the German war dead of World War I. The building was damaged by bombs in the final months of World War II, and didn't reopen until 1960. When it did so, it was in the DDR and the memorial was now to "the Victims of Fascism and Militarism". Fast forward past the reunification to 1993 and it is again re-dedicated; this time as the "Central Memorial of the Federal Republic of Germany for the Victims of War and Tyranny".